Nina has a wide-ranging planning practice focusing in particular on environmental law matters in the context of planning applications, including controversial minerals development, hazardous substances consent, waste, EIA, SEA, agriculture, water, air quality, and nature conservation issues. She is editor of the Trees Chapter in Butterworth’s Planning Law Encyclopedia and a legal editor of the ENDS Report. She has appeared before the High Court, Court of Appeal, and the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee and regularly prosecutes and defends environmental law matters in the criminal courts.
She is ranked as a Tier 1 Planning/Environmental Junior by the Legal 500 (“a rising star”), as one of the country’s top-rated juniors by Planning Magazine, and has been ranked as a leading junior by Chambers and Partners every year since 2016. Comments include: “her ability to crack intellectually challenging issues is unbelievable. If you think of it as chess, she is always three or four moves ahead of the opposition” (2016), “has a tremendous capacity to take in a great deal of information and get straight to the point” (2018), “an incredible advocate” (2020). She has been appointed to the Attorney General’s C Panel of counsel.
Nina has acted for developers, local authorities, and third parties in a range of housing appeals. Work includes acting for developers at inquiries where issues involved policy, heritage, housing land supply, noise, and transport and highways impact; and successfully challenging and defending decisions. She has appeared before the High Court and Court of Appeal in a number of cases concerning the legality of planning decision-making: R (on the application of Flemming) v Wiltshire Council  EWHC 1260 (Admin) (compliance with the development plan); R (on the application of Dudfield) v Forest of Dean DC  EWHC 291 (Admin) (consideration of environmental impacts in decision-making); R (on the application of Hampton Bishop PC) v Herefordshire Council  EWCA Civ 878 (led by Richard Kimblin QC) (section 38(6) of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004). She acted for the Interested Party in R (on the application of Dukeminster Ltd) v Exeter City Council  EWHC 664 (Admin) (the materiality of planning considerations, including the role of viability concerns in the context of statutory consultees’ deliberations and ransom strips) (led by Ian Dove QC) and for the Claimant in R (Walker) v Bath and Somerset Council  EWHC 1836 (Admin) (successfully arguing a planning decision was irrational).
Nina has experience at all stages of the neighbourhood plan process on behalf of developers, local planning authorities, and neighbourhood planning groups. She regularly appears on behalf of clients at neighbourhood plan examinations. She was instructed for the claimants in Richborough Estates Ltd v Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government  EWHC 33 (Admin) concerning the development industry’s challenge to the Written Ministerial Statement on Neighbourhood Planning.
Examinations in Public
Nina has appeared at a large number of Examinations in Public. Work includes appearing for developers proposing strategic scale sites, including new towns, opposing allocation of land as Local Green Space, appearing for a developer opposing a proposed mayoral referendum prior to the grant of planning permission for new residential development; and appearing for developers in relation to flaws in the Sustainability Appraisal. She is also experienced in legal challenges (including injunctions) concerning the decision to adopt a plan under s.113 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.
Permitted Development Rights
Nina regularly advises on the availability of permitted development rights, and the use of planning conditions to exclude those rights. She acted for the successful Defendant in Stevens (t/a KCS Asset Management) v Blaenau Gwent CBC  EWHC 1606 (Admin), a case concerning solar energy development and the applicability of the EIA regime to permitted development rights in Wales (led by Richard Kimblin QC).
Nina has advised a range of clients on the applicability of the CIL Regulations to specific contributions, including advice on the legality of the district and county-wide policy on contributions, the impact of the removal of regulation 123 of the CIL Regulations, and applications to vary planning obligations under a s.106 agreement. She has acted for developers challenging requested contributions and for local planning authorities defending requests. She has appeared at affordable housing appeals under s. 106BC Town and Country Planning Act 1990 and is experienced in the arbitration process to determine disputes arising under s.106 agreements. She was junior to Richard Kimblin QC in a leading case on reg. 122: R (on the application of Hampton Bishop PC) v Herefordshire Council  EWCA Civ 878.
Nina regularly advises on these matters at all stages from application to enforcement. She regularly appears at enforcement inquiries and prosecutions in the Magistrates’ Courts. Work includes: (i) a s. 174 inquiry concerning wind farm development; (ii) a s.174 inquiry successfully alleging that an enforcement notice against an alleged change of use was invalid; (iii) a s.195 appeal against the refusal of a CLEUD in respect of a householder extension; (iv) successfully acting for local planning authorities at appeals based on alleged breaches of planning control. She has extensive experience relating to agriculture and office to resi conversion applications. She appeared on behalf of the Secretary of State in Greenwood v Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government  EWHC 2975 (Admin) (breaches of conditions precedent).
Nina has successfully acted in a number of claims concerning committal orders for failure to comply with enforcement notices. She has also successfully applied under POCA for a confiscation order relating to the proceeds of an illegal subdivision of a property into residential flats, and for the proceeds of heritage crime subsequent to the sale of the property.
Nina regularly advises on a wide range of heritage issues. She has successfully appeared at a number of planning inquiries where the main issue has been the heritage impact of the development and has experience with applications for listed buildings consent, the determination of optimum viable use, applications for enabling development, and injunctions under s.44A of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990. She appeared for the Claimant in R (on the application of Fulford Parish Council) v City of York Council  EWHC 3924 (Admin), a case concerning the location of the Battle of Fulford (led by Ian Dove QC), and as sole counsel in the Court of Appeal in a leading case on the setting of heritage assets: Steer v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government 2018] EWCA Civ 1697.
Nina has experience acting for a local planning authority at a village green inquiry. She also acted for the successful Defendant in R (Kier Ventures Limited and Rubery Owen Holdings Limited) v Birmingham City Council, a case concerning the requirements for duly made village green applications and subsequent amendments (led by Ian Dove QC).
Nina has experience of s.215 notices, has appeared before the Upper Tribunal in relation to compensation under the TPO regime, and regularly advises in relation to advertisements and restrictions applying to development in the Green Belt.
Nina has appeared in a number of leading strategic environmental law claims, including R (Friends of the Earth Ltd) v Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government  EWHC 518 (Admin) concerning the failure to carry out an assessment of the environmental impacts of the National Planning Policy Framework, Fish Legal’s successful claim that an energy company is a public authority for the purposes of the Environmental Information Regulations 2004, R (Finch) v Surrey County Council  EWCA Civ 187 concerning the question of whether downstream greenhouse gas emissions were indirect effects of an oil and gas mine for the purposes of an environmental assessment, a complaint before the UNECE Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee resulting in the Aarhus costs regime being extended to claims under s.288 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, subsequent to which she was instructed to appear before the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee on behalf of the UK Government. She was instructed to appear on behalf of HS2 (led by Richard Kimblin QC) in R (Misbourne Environmental Protection Ltd) v Environment Agency  EWHC 3094 (Admin) (concerning the legality of the permitting process for the Chiltern Tunnel section of HS2).
Nina has particular expertise in water law, having served as a co-convener of the United Kingdom Environmental Law Association’s Water Working Party for six years, through which she has participated in numerous consultations on changes to the water sector. She has also advised local authorities of their powers and duties under the Flood and Water Management Act 2010, in relation to private water supplies, and in relation to private surface water sewers. She regularly defends water companies against prosecutions for breaches of the terms of a permit. She has successful experience of the use of the civil penalty regime for environmental offences under Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008. She has also led several successful prosecutions for large water companies. She appeared in the Court of Appeal in R (on the application of Seiont, Gwyrfai, and Llyfni Anglers’ Society) v Natural Resources Wales  EWCA Civ 797, the leading case on the interpretation of “environmental damage” (led by Richard Kimblin QC).
Experience includes enforcement at all stages, and successfully arguing for the validity of a restoration condition in relation to the last remaining coal mine in England; determining the status of a mine (whether pre-1948 and therefore one to which the GDO regime applied); and advising applicants and mineral planning authorities on controversial applications including in national parks and other highly sensitive areas, including fracking applications. She acted for the successful defendant mineral planning authority in R (Haden) v Shropshire Council  EWHC 33 (Admin) (adequacy of environmental information and impact of minerals development on vulnerable local resident).
Nina has assisted at an inquiry regarding the development of a sub-station for a billion-dollar offshore windfarm in Norfolk (led by Richard Kimblin QC). She advised statutory consultees on issues arising from major energy developments such as Hinckley Point C development and the ABLE Marine Energy Park. She also regularly advises in relation to renewable energy development.
She has extensive experience with nature conservation law, including the legal regime establishing the requirement for biodiversity net gain. She was seconded to Natural England, where she advised on the applicability of marine conservation laws to the Crown and issues arising under the Highways Act, the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act, the Wildlife and Countryside Act, the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations, and the Habitats Directive.
Nina advises on both statutory and private nuisance cases, including private nuisance claims against statutory undertakers. She regularly acts in claims for and against developers, particularly in the context of intensive livestock applications. She acted for the claimant in R (Smith-Ryland) v Warwick DC  EWHC 3123 (led by Paul Cairnes QC) (Admin) concerning the implications of consent for residential development adjacent to a working farm.
Prior to joining the Bar Nina trained as a research scientist and was an award-winning artist. Her undergraduate thesis research was published and resulted in the revision of government policy. She has lived and worked in Lebanon, India, Italy, and Estonia and speaks French, Italian, Levantine Arabic, and Estonian to varying degrees of proficiency. She is presently studying Modern Standard Arabic and improving her Hindi. Her hobbies are long-distance running, ideally in the Lake District, and listening to live music.
Acadia University Entrance Award
Sir Stephen Chapman Scholarship
Shortlisted for Pro Bono Award, Birmingham Law Society
United Kingdom Environmental Law Association (Vice Chair)
Planning and Environment Bar Association (Committee Member)
Administrative Law Bar Association
BSc(Hons) Acadia University
GDL Manchester Metropolitan University
BPTC College of Law