Michael Etienne

Viewing: Inquests Public Inquiries and Coronial Law for Michael Etienne

Michael has a broad public law and human rights practice encompassing actions against the state in various forms but with a focus on cases involving detaining authorities, particularly police forces and prisons.
He is frequently instructed on cases that give rise to issues of systemic discrimination, whether in the detention context or in his education law work.
He takes an active interest in issues of diversity and inclusion in the legal profession. As such, he is a member of the Steering Committees for the Black Barristers Network, the Black Men in Law Network and the soon-to-be launched “Bridging the Bar”.
Actions against the state
Michael has a particular focus on actions against the police and other detaining authorities in all of their forms; especially claims involving alleged breaches of the Human Rights Act 1998 and the Equality Act 2010. With that in mind, he has been an active member of the Police Action Lawyers Group (PALG) for several years.
Inquests and inquiries
As part of his actions against the state practice, Michael accepts instructions in inquests and inquiries, typically representing bereaved families. He is also an active member of the Inquest Lawyers Group (ILG) and currently sits on the Group’s steering committee.
Michael was a member of the external legal team, acting for the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) in its project “Following Grenfell”, examining the human rights implications following the tragic fire on 14 June 2017, during Phase 1 of the Grenfell Tower Inquiry.
He is currently instructed in the private inquiry being conducted by the Rt Hon Dame Linda Dobbs into fraud at the now collapsed HBoS Reading.
Michael appears regularly in the First-Tier Tribunal in education cases, in cases concerning Special Educational Needs provision and disability discrimination claims.
He has extensive experience in challenging decisions to permanently exclude children from school and has a particular concern about the implications of these decisions for the vulnerability of those who face exclusion. He is frequently instructed on behalf of pupils and parents, often acting pro bono with organisations such as Just for Kids Law (JFKL). In doing so, he has secured reconsideration and reinstatement of pupils, on a number of occasions.
His recent successes include settling a disability discrimination claim for a pupil with complex behavioural needs who was excluded as a result of behaviour during a “meltdown”. It had been alleged that the permanent exclusion was disproportionate within the meaning of s.15 EqA 2010. The claim was settled without any admission of liability.
Prison Law
Michael has a rapidly growing practice in Prison Law. He appears in both adjudications and parole boards, on behalf of prisoners, where he has already enjoyed success.
Mental health
Michael has represented individuals challenging decisions to section them under the Mental Health Act 1983 before the Mental Health Tribunal. Prior to coming to the Bar, he was permitted to do this work as a member of the Law Society’s Mental Health Accreditation Scheme. He has secured a number of positive outcomes for his clients, ranging from variations to conditions on discharge into the community to discharge from section altogether.
His clients have included those affected by the criminal, as well as civil provisions of the 1983 Act. This also includes individuals who have been detained in medium and high secure conditions.
Court of Protection
Michael accepts instructions in Court of Protection matters. He has recently represented a relative in a contentious cause concer`ning contact arrangements with P, obtaining a final Order that reduced some of the restrictions which had been imposed by a care home.
He has also drafted successful submissions in support of an application for costs against a Local Authority whose conduct of proceedings in respect of P had been unreasonable in a number of respects.
French - conversational
Before coming to the Bar
Before coming to the Bar, Michael developed extensive experience in the public law and human rights field. As the Sir Peter Duffy Scholar of Lincoln’s Inn, he completed a Stage at the European Court of Human Rights, in 2012. He was a paralegal at Deighton Pierce Glynn and Bindmans LLP. From there he became an Advice and Information Officer at Liberty, responsible for co-ordinating their public legal advice service. He has subsequently been elected to Liberty’s Policy Council and Executive Board.
Notable Cases
The Dame Linda Dobbs Review
Michael is a member of the junior counsel team assisting Dame Linda Dobbs to conduct an independent review into the collapse of the Reading Branch of the Halifax Bank of Scotland, which led to the conviction of a number of Bank personnel for fraud and kindred offences in 2017.
Inquest touching upon the death of Neville McNair
Representing the family of Neville McNair at this 6-day inquest following his death at HMP Lewes.
The jury concluded that Mr McNair died a drug-related death following an unintentional heroin overdose. The Coroner went on to accept my submissions that a Regulation 28 report was called for.
She issued a report with a view to ensuring greater familiarity with and provision of Naloxone – an emergency treatment for opiate overdose.
Michael was instructed for the family by Stephensons LLP.
Inquest touching upon the death of Joshua Blackham
At an early PIRH, Michael persuaded the Senior Coroner for Berkshire that Article 2 ECHR was engaged in the circumstances of Joshua’s self-inflicted death. This was in the face of firm opposition on by Surrey Police, who instructed Queens Counsel to oppose the submission in writing and orally at two PIRHs. That opposition was echoed on behalf of the one separately represented police officer.
Following that decision, an application for public funding was granted, which enabled Joshua’s family to instruct both senior junior counsel and their solicitor to represent them at the 5-day inquest that followed.
The inquest resulted in a critical narrative from the jury and a Regulation 28 Report being issued by the Coroner.
Michael was instructed for the family by Saunders Law and remained a part of the legal team at the inquest.
Reported Cases
R (on the application of Colin Gill) v Parole Board and Secretary of State for Justice (Interested Party)
Successful judicial review of a refusal to grant an oral hearing of an application for parole. Materially, Mr Gill had been convicted of murder at the age of 17 years old. He came to be sentenced as an adult. He had demonstrated exceptional progress in custody, including an early transfer to open conditions. However, he was transferred back to closed conditions for several months. That was successfully challenged by his solicitors.
The Parole Board concluded, that this meant that because he had not been able to complete essential parts of his sentence plan, he had no prospect of release, so fairness did not require the grant of an oral hearing.
The Administrative Court disagreed, upholding the principle that the requirements of fairness were not limited to or by an assessment of the prospects of the application for parole being successful.
Michael was instructed by Reece Thomas Watson.
R (on the application of Michael Bennett) v Parole Board and Secretary of State for Justice (Interested Party) [2019] EWHC 2746 (Admin); [2019] A.C.D. 139
Mr Bennett was a determinate sentence prisoner recalled to custody some months before the expiration of his sentence.
He was recalled in circumstances where he had relapsed into alcohol misuse and was demonstrating behaviours which probation services acknowledged raised concerns about his mental health.
Mr Bennett’s case was that he should not have been recalled and challenged a number of the facts alleged against him.
Despite making his case clear on the papers and despite the Board making passing reference to the test in the well-known case of Osborn, Mr Bennett was refused an oral hearing on the erroneous basis that there was no scope for significant mitigation.
The Court found that fairness clearly required the grant of an oral hearing. That was particularly so given that the impact of his mental health issues would be an important part of any proper decision by the Parole Board.
The Court had previously accepted that the application for judicial review should be heard urgently. In granting relief to the Claimant, it also ordered the Parole Board to hear the substantive application for parole urgently. This was so the case could be heard before the expiration of Mr Bennett’s custodial sentence. In doing so, the Court rejected submissions in opposition to this relief from the Parole Board – who had, until then remained neutral on all aspects of the claim for judicial review.
Michael was instructed by Reece Thomas Watson.
Cassel Scholar, Lincoln’s Inn
Sir Peter Duffy Scholar, Lincoln’s Inn
Black Barristers Network
Black Men in Law Network
Bridging the Bar
Human Rights Lawyers Association
Inquest Lawyers Group (ILG)
Liberty – Executive Committee, Policy Council
Police Action Lawyers Group (PALG)
Bar Professional Training Course
Law (LLB, hons)
Policing during the pandemic: an insight into racism in the UK, Open Democracy

Latest News & Publications

Michael Etienne instructed as part of the legal team acting on behalf of The Monitoring Group...

Date: Thu, 13 Aug 2020
The Equality and Human Rights Commission publishes damning review into the Grenfell Tower Fire...

Date: Mon, 18 Mar 2019